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A Perl6 module that conjugates English verbs


 use Lingua::EN::Conjugate;

 my $verb = englishverb.new(bare => 'code', forms => <BeIng HaveEn>);
 for < I you he she it we you they > -> $s {
   for < p sp > -> $t {
     $verb.tense = $t;
     say $verb.conjugate( subject => $s );
 my @sentence = conjugate( bare => 'be', subject => 'it', interrogative => True );
 say @sentence ~ ' a function ?';

Object, Methods and details

Object englishverb must be created first with one only conmpulsory parameter

The object also accepts named parameters for method "conjugate at creation.

Method conjugate returns Array: accepts named parameters :

Method is-irreg returns Bool, accepts string default self bare

Function usage

Purpose And Notes

Warning, this is not a direct port of the Perl5 "Lingua-EN-Conjugate" module !

Instead of using fixed tense blocks to conjugate an English verb, this module uses notions of "forms" which can be combined. IE: The "Past Perfect Continuous/Progressive" of a verb is in this case, The "Perfect" and "Continuous" forms conbined and evaluated with the "Past Tense"

The notions used by the module:


The sentence's actor, any of I he she it we you they


The grammatical time of the action. "Time" is a physical notion, "Tense" a grammatical one. English has only 2 "Tense": Past and Present; The "Future" tense is a modality. Two Tenses are aviable: p = Present, sp = Past


Allows speakers to evaluate a proposition relative to a set of other propositions (Necessity or Possibility). The "future" (will) stands for a Possibility. Modality is any of will shall may can.


Conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).


Way in which a verb is structured in relation to time, BE+ING = Continuity, non-finite. HAVE+EN: Past event linked to the present, BE+EN: Passive verbal form Modality can be many of HaveEn BeIng BeEn

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Copyright © 2015 Nuguet Romuald under the Artistic License 2.0.