Raku Land

Web::App

github:raku-community-modules

Web -- A Web Application foundation for Raku Build Status

Introduction

Web is a simple web application library set for Raku, that uses the PSGI interface. It is based on work done for the original Web.pm project, as well as WebRequest, and November.

It consists of a few libraries, the most important of which are:

Web::Request

Web::Request is similar to CGI.pm or Plack::Request from Perl 5.

It supports P6SGI 0.7Draft (recommended), P6SGI 0.4Draft, PSGI Classic, SCGI standalone, FastCGI standalone, and mod-perl6. It can be forced to use standard CGI, but that's really not recommended. Currently only supports GET and non-multipart POST. We are planning on adding multi-part POST including file uploads, and some optional magic parameters similar to the ones in PHP.

Web::Response

An easy to use object that builds a P6SGI/PSGI compliant response. Supports some quick methods such as content-type() and redirect() to automatically create appropriate headers.

Web::App

Puts the above two together, along with a backend engine, and a context helper object, and makes building web apps really easy.

It supports any backend engine that provides a P6SGI/PSGI compliant interface, and a handle() method that takes a subroutine as a parameter (the subroutine must take a hash representing the environment), or an app() method that takes the aforementioned subroutine as a parameter, and a run() method to start processing requests.

See the list below for details of which libraries to use.

The context helper object provides wrappers to the Request and Response objects, including some magic functions that enable features otherwise not possible, such as a far more advanced redirect() method.

Web::App::Dispatch

Web::App::Dispatch is an extension of Web::App, that also supports advanced action dispatch based on rules.

Rather than supporting a single handler, you can have multiple rules, which will perform specific actions, including running handlers, based on environment variables such as the URL path, host, or protocol.

Actions can include redirection, setting content-type, adding headers, or calling a handler (either a code block, or an object with a handle() method.) A default handler can be called if no rules are matched.

Requirements

Connector Engine Modules

None of the connector modules are required by default, so you'll need to install them yourself whichever one you want.

Examples

Example 1

This is an example of the use of Web::App and it's wrapper magic. Handlers for Web::App are sent a special Web::App::Context object which wraps the Request and Response, and provides some extra magic that makes life a lot easier.

  use SCGI;
  use Web::App;

  my $scgi = SCGI.new(:port(8118));
  my $app = Web::App.new($scgi);

  my $handler = sub ($context) {
    given $context.path {
      when '/' {
        $context.content-type('text/plain');
        $context.send("Request parameters:");
        $context.send($context.req.params.fmt('%s: %s', "\n"));
        my $name = $context.get('name');
        if $name {
          $context.send("Hello $name");
        }
      }
      default {
        ## We don't support anything else, send them home.
        $context.redirect('/');
      }
    }
  }

  $app.run: $handler;

  ## End of script.

Example 2

This example is using Web::App::Dispatch and some of its many rules.

  class RedirectHandler {
    has $.site;
    method handle ($context) {
      $context.redirect($.site);
    }
  }

  use SCGI;
  use Web::App::Dispatch;
  
  my $scgi = SCGI.new(:port(8118));
  my $app  = Web::App::Dispatch.new($scgi);

  my $main = sub ($context) {
    $context.set-status(200);
    $context.content-type('text/plain');
    my $name = $context.get(:default<World>, 'name');
    $context.send("Hello $name");
  }

  $app.add(:handler($main), :default); ## Gets called if no other rules match.

  ## Let's add an object-based handler on the '/test' URL path.
  my $test = RedirectHandler.new(:site<http://huri.net>);
  $app.add(:path</test>, :handler($test));

  ## Another form of redirect, using an action rule.
  $app.add(:proto<http>, :redirect<https>);

  ## A slurp handler.
  $app.add(:path</slurp>, :slurp<./webroot/hello.text>);

  ## Send a file to the client browser.
  $app.add(:path</file>, :sendfile<./webroot/data.zip>);

  ## Okay, let's run the app.
  $app.run;

  ## End of script.

Example 3

This is an example of using Web::Request and Web::Response together with HTTP::Easy's PSGI adapter, without using Web::App as a wrapper.

  use HTTP::Easy::PSGI;
  use Web::Request;
  use Web::Response;

  my $http = HTTP::Easy::PSGI.new(); ## Default port is 8080.

  my $handler = sub (%env) {
    my $req = Web::Request.new(%env);
    my $res = Web::Response.new();
    $res.set-status(200);
    $res.add-header('Content-Type' => 'text/plain');
    $res.send("Request parameters:");
    $res.send($req.params.fmt('%s: %s', "\n"));
    my $name = $req.get('name');
    if $name {
      $res.send("Hello $name");
    }
    return $res.response;
  }

  $http.handle: $handler;

  ## End of script.

Further Examples

For more examples, including using other backends, more dispatch rules, and lots of other cool stuff, see the examples in the 'test' folder.

Install

Install directly from this repo using

zef install Web

or download this repo and do

zef install --deps-only .

if you want to try and contribute to it.

TODO

Authors

License

Artistic License 2.0