Audio::TagLib - Read ID3 and other audio metadata with TagLib
my $taglib = Audio::TagLib.new($path);
# Abstract API - aliases for simple fields
say $taglib.title ~ " by " ~ $taglib.artist;
say "$path has no album field set" unless $taglib.album.defined;
# Raw access to all tags in the file (as a list of pairs)
.say for $taglib.propertymap.grep(*.key eq 'ALBUMARTIST' | 'ALBUM ARTIST');
Audio::TagLib provides Raku bindings to the TagLib audio metadata library, providing a fast way to read metadata from many audio file formats: mp3, m4a, ogg, flac, opus, and more. See https://taglib.org for more details.
Audio::TagLib vs Audio::Taglib::Simple
This module uses the C++ interface to TagLib rather than the C bindings. This means installation requires a C++ compiler, but provides the full API rather than the "abstract only" API.
This module is newer than Simple and does not yet provide tag writing functions.
This module does not keep a taglib object open and reads everything into memory initially, meaning there is no
free method needed (unlike Simple).
Audio::Taglib::Simple has a lowercase 'l' in its name, where this module uses
TagLib (as does the official website). I thought adjusting the case was a good idea at the time.
Loads the metadata from the given file. All metadata is read at this point.
:load-raw-id3v2 flag determines whether the
raw-id3v2 list is populated. This is false by default, since the
propertymap provides similiar information for more types of files, and it's faster to not generate this mapping.
If any errors are encountered while reading the file or parsing the tags, a Failure is returned which contains an Exception explaining the error.
TagLib provides what is known as the "abstract API", which provides an easy interface to common tags without having to know the format-specific identifier for a given tag. This module provides these as attributes of
Audio::TagLib. The following fields are available as strings (Str):
The following are provided as integers (Int):
These attributes will be undefined if they are not present in the file.
This is a List of Pairs of all the recognized tags within the file. The exact list of recognized tags differs from file to file, but the names are largely consistent between file types. For example, this allows the ID3v2 tag
TPE2 and the MP4 tag
aART to be recognized as
If you are looking for a tag not found in the above abstract interface, you should be able to find it here.
True if the file has an ID3v2 tag. This value is defined whether or not
:load-raw-id3v2 is specified.
Similar to propertymap, this is a list of native ID3v2 tags, by their short identifier (e.g.
TPE2 instead of
ALBUMARTIST). This list is empty if there are no ID3v2 Tag, and will return a
Failure if the
:load-raw-id3v2 flag was not provided to the constructor.
Album art can be extracted from most types of audio files. This module provides access to the first picture data in the file. Most files only have a single picture attached, so this is usually the album art.
album-art-size - the size of the album art in bytes
album-art-mime - the mime type of the album art, such as 'image/png'
The data can be retrieved by calling one of the following methods:
The raw variant is much faster if you are passing the data to another function that uses a CArray. If speed is important, consider using NativeHelpers::Blob to convert the raw variant.
Note that the mime type is stored in the file, and not determined from the image, so it may be inaccurate.
Adrian Kreher firstname.lastname@example.org
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
Copyright 2021-2023 Adrian Kreher
This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the Artistic License 2.0.